Types of Diabetes are: Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, meaning that the body’s own immune system is destroying the cells that produce insulin. A person who has type 1 diabetes must take insulin every day.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, especially in people over the age of 40. About 90 to 95 percent of people with diabetes have type 2.
In type 1 diabetes, the cells in the pancreas produce too little insulin or no insulin at all.
Scientists have identified risk factors that increase the chances of developing type 2 diabetes; however, the specific causes of this type of diabetes are unknown.
The causes of diabetes in pregnant women are linked to hormonal changes and weight gain associated with pregnancy.
Symptoms of diabetes associated with diabetes 1 usually develop over a short period of time and include increased thirst and urination, constant hunger, and blurred vision. Symptoms of diabetes 2 develop more gradually and are not as noticeable as in type 1 diabetes. Common symptoms of type 2 diabetes include frequent infections, slow-healing wounds, and frequent urination.
Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by high blood sugar, glucose levels, that result from defects in insulin secretion. Diabetes can lead to blindness, kidney failure, and nerve damage.